What to see in China?
China is a marvelous Eastern country that hides many mysteries and riddles. Spread across the expanse of Asia, in its central and eastern parts, China's vast territory is permeated with a rich history that dates back thousands of years. Today, this Asian country is proud of its rich historical heritage and has a promising future. Ancient traditions and the bustling rhythm of modern megacities merge here. China's climate is diverse and varies significantly from north to south. In the north you will find endless steppes covered with snow in winter, and in the south - warm sun, sea and tropical vegetation. The majestic sights of China reflect the unique atmosphere of this country. China today is known for its excellent tourism and vacation opportunities. Its unique culture and centuries-old history attract travelers from all over the world.
What is there to see in China for a tourist?
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is an impressive landmark of China, a majestic monument of antiquity and the longest structure in the world built for defense purposes. The length of the wall is almost 9 thousand kilometers, and taking into account all the bends and turns, its length reaches about 21 thousand kilometers. At a time when the state was still an undivided entity, many kingdoms were being raided by northern nomadic tribes such as the Huns. Therefore, each of these kingdoms began to build defenses made of simple earth, which eventually crumbled and could not handle the attacks of the enemies. As a result of this bad experience, measures were taken to strengthen the wall - stone blocks were used, bonded with a mixture of rice glue and slaked lime. About a fifth of the country's population took part in the construction of this great structure. Today, the Great Wall of China has become a symbol of national pride.
Lhasa, Potala palace
The royal palace and Buddhist temple complex of Lhasa, which is located in Tibet at an altitude of 3.8 kilometers above sea level, is one of the most important landmarks in China. It is considered a shrine. The palace played the role of the Dalai Lama's main residence. No other palace in the world is as high up in the mountains as the Potala. The complex takes its name from the sacred Indian mountain, which, according to legends, is home to the deity Guan Yin, the patroness of the South Sea and its fishermen. Every year thousands of tourists and pilgrims visit the Potala Palace. The way up the mountain takes a long time, and there is a large terrace of 1,600 square meters at the halfway point. According to historical records, solemn religious ceremonies have been held here since 1653.
Imperial Palace in Beijing
The Imperial Palace in Beijing, built in 1420, has been home to emperors for centuries. Twenty-four emperors and their families lived here. The entire royal court was located outside the walls of this palace, and the entrance of outsiders was forbidden, so it was also called the Forbidden City. Construction of the Forbidden City began in 1406 and lasted 14 years. About a million construction workers and more than a hundred thousand other professionals, including talented artists, stone and wood carvers, were involved in its erection. This magnificent cultural heritage of China has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The full name of the Imperial Palace was originally "Zijingcheng", which translated as "Forbidden Purple City", but it was later shortened to simply "Forbidden City".
Zhangjiajie National Park
The best tourist destinations in China are not just limited to ancient palaces of emperors, ancient Buddhist temples and impressive skyscrapers of megacities. They also include magnificent natural landscapes and amazing natural formations that deserve special attention. The beautiful parts of China that are worth seeing are the Zhangjiajie National Park and its scenic spots. This place strikes the imagination with its fantastic scenery, where rock formations covered with forests tend upwards. Apart from the magnificent scenery, the park is also a geological and botanical reserve and has a zoo. Zhangjiajie is also famous for its weathered sand and quartz cliffs, up to 3 kilometers high, which served as the prototype for the magnificent soaring cliffs of Pandora from the famous movie Avatar.
Which cities to visit in China?
In the center of Beijing lies the majestic Tiananmen Square. Thousands of spectators gather here every morning to witness the raising of the national flag. The square is home to important national monuments such as Mao Zedong's Mausoleum, the People's Congress Building, the Revolution Museum, the Chinese History Museum and the modern Opera House. The heart of Tiananmen is a huge monument honoring the people's heroes of the Republic of China. One of the main symbols of the city is the Temple of Heaven, which was built in 1420 by order of the ruling Ming Dynasty. Every detail of its decoration has a special meaning: a blue three-tiered roof supported by 28 pillars, of which 4 symbolize the seasons, 12 - months, and 12 more - clocks. The unique altar of the temple is made of marble slabs, and their number is a multiple of 9, the number that has the highest power in Chinese mythology.
Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, located in the southeast of the country and is a former British colony. This vibrant and densely populated city is a major seaport and global financial center, and its skyline is adorned with many skyscrapers. Hong Kong's central district is famous for its office buildings, including the Bank of China Tower, designed by architect Yuimin Bei. Shopping enthusiasts can order a suit from a tailor or visit the Temple Street Night Market.
Guangzhou is a well-known cultural and historical city in China that is known for its unique charm. Among the many attractions worth mentioning about Guangzhou are the Zhenhailou House, the Five Saints' Mound, the ancestral temple of the Chen family, the tomb of the Nanyue King, the Sun Yat-sen Museum and many others. In this city, history and modernity are harmoniously intertwined, and tourists are also attracted by ethnic features, local theater and other unique features.
In the historic part of Shanghai, there are several interesting areas that are sure to interest travelers. The first of them is the Bund waterfront, located right across from Pudong. This neighborhood is notable for its colonial buildings of the early 20th century. The second district, Old Town, is a little south of the Bund and about a kilometer from the river. It has several old sites, although the name can be misleading as there is much more new than old. The center of Shanghai is considered to be Nanjing Street, which starts from the Bund and heads west. The first section of this street is commercial and tourist, in some places turned into a pedestrian zone. The next section is ceremonial, with parks and museums. The last section is business and the most Europeanized. At the southern end of this stretch is the French Concession, Shanghai's most European neighborhood, which grew out of a French colony.
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