What to see in Sudan
Sudan is a state in North Africa with a rich history and culture. The sights of the country are real gems of archaeological heritage, including the pyramids of Meroe, the temples of the Sun in Naga and Jebel Barkal, as well as the ruins of ancient cities.
Tourists will be able to see unique sites that are outstanding monuments of the ancient civilizations of Kush, Meroe and Nubia. Sudan offers interesting itineraries for travelers to spend a day exploring these historical sites and creating incredible photos.
The country is also famous for its ethnic mosaic, attracting tourists with its cultural traditions. Dozens of nations practicing Islam and Christianity create a unique folkloric atmosphere. Handicrafts, jewelry and pottery are popular arts that can be seen in various cities of Sudan.
In business and investment, Sudan attracts attention for its huge potential in minerals such as oil, gold, chromites, manganese, iron ore, and copper. Agricultural production of cotton, peanuts, millet and sugarcane also offers great prospects. Infrastructure projects create additional business opportunities.
Thus, Sudan presents itself to tourists as a fascinating country with rich history and ethnic diversity, and to investors as a promising destination with great natural potential and prospects in the agribusiness sector. Infrastructure development creates additional opportunities for successful business.
Popular cities in Sudan
The main city and capital of Sudan, it is situated at the confluence of the Blue and White Nile. The population is about 5 million. The historic center is dominated by traditional Arab buildings with narrow streets, handicraft workshops and souvenir shops.
On the waterfronts, modern skyscrapers and the confluence of the two Niles - "Kiss of the Nile" stand out. In the vicinity of the city there are archaeological sites of the ancient kingdoms of Nubia - temples, tombs, ruins of cities. Khartoum combines the cultural heritage of the past with the modern look of a large African metropolis.
The second largest city in Sudan, located opposite Khartoum on the west bank of the Blue Nile. The population is about 2 million people. Today there are many bazaars, shops and workshops with handicrafts. You can buy painted clay jugs, carved masks, jewelry, aromatic spices and spices.
The main attraction of Omdurman is the tomb of Mohammed Ahmad ibn Abdullah, known as "al-Mahdi" - the leader of the popular anti-colonial uprising. Also of interest is the ethnographic museum. A visit to the city familiarizes you with the history, culture and crafts of Sudan, and also gives you the opportunity to buy unique souvenirs.
The largest seaport in eastern Sudan on the shores of the Red Sea. It is an important transportation hub and trade center of the country. Through Port Sudan there are exports of agricultural products of Sudan - cotton, wool, leather, as well as gummiarabic. Industry is developed.
The city is attractive with excellent beaches with soft white sand and warm clean sea. Here you can sunbathe, snorkel, windsurf or take a boat ride. There are water sports schools. Thus, Port Sudan is interesting sea vacation on the Red Sea and opportunities for active tourism. It is also an important economic center of Sudan.
What to visit in Sudan
Pyramids of Meroe
Located in the north of Sudan, 200 km from the modern city of Khartoum. In total in this area there are about 200 pyramids of different preservation. The largest reach 30 meters in height. Their distinctive feature is an angle of inclination of walls about 70 degrees.
The pyramids of Meroë are made of sandstone without the use of binding mortar. Inside there are burial chambers of rulers and nobility of the ancient kingdom. Also found are household items, jewelry, works of art.
The complex is included by UNESCO in the list of World Heritage Sites. It is an outstanding cultural monument of ancient Nubia. The pyramids of Meroe attract thousands of tourists every year. Despite their age, many of them have been preserved in excellent condition. This is due to the peculiarities of their construction and the climate of Sudan.
The Sun Temples of Naga
A unique cultural monument of ancient Nubia in Northern Sudan. They were built in the 1st millennium B.C. as cult buildings for worshiping the deity Amon-Ra during the reign of the Napatean pharaohs. The complex of Sun Temples includes several stone sanctuaries with images of sacred animals and hieroglyphic texts. The main temple, dedicated to Amon, has 18-meter high stone columns framing a central courtyard with an altar.
The wall paintings still retain their original brightness of colors and detail. Images of pharaohs wearing crowns with ureas epitomize the power and might of ancient Nubia.
Due to its preservation and significance for the ancient Egyptian civilization, the ensemble of the Naga Temples is included by UNESCO in the list of monuments of world cultural heritage.
A mountain range in northern Sudan with the ruins of the ancient city of the same name, which was the capital of the Nubian kingdom from 1450 to 1500 B.C. It is an outstanding cultural monument of the Kushite kingdom. Among the ruins of Jebel Barkal there are grandiose temples with colonnades built of sandstone without the use of binding mixtures. Many columns reach 16 meters in height and 2 meters in diameter.
There are also remains of royal tombs, residential buildings, and defense walls. In some buildings relief images of gods and pharaohs of Ancient Egypt are distinguishable.
The Jebel Barkala complex is included by UNESCO in the list of World Cultural Heritage Sites. Every year thousands of tourists visit this place to see the grandiose ruins of the Nubian capital of the Pharaonic times.
National Museum in Khartoum
The largest museum complex in Sudan, representing the rich historical and cultural heritage of the country. The exposition includes more than 100 thousand exhibits. The central section is dedicated to the pre-colonial civilizations of Nubia - the Meroe and Kush eras. There is a unique collection of gold ornaments, statues of deities, jewelry of Nubian kings.
There are also sections of the Islamic period, ethnography of the peoples of Sudan. A separate building is occupied by the open-air museum of Nubian civilization with temples and steles.
The museum conducts research, excursions and educational work. It is one of the largest centers for studying the Nubian civilization and culture of Sudan.
Interesting facts about Sudan:
- Sudan is one of the five largest countries in Africa in terms of land area. Its area is about 1.9 million km2.
- On the territory of Sudan there are more than 200 pyramids of the ancient kingdoms of Kush, Meroe and Napata. It is more than in Egypt. The highest pyramids of Meroe reach 30 meters.
- Two great rivers, the Blue Nile and the White Nile, which flow into the Mediterranean Sea, originate in Sudan.
- Sudan is very multinational. It is home to more than 500 tribes and ethnic groups speaking more than 400 languages and dialects.
- Sudan is the birthplace of the coffee tree. It was from here that coffee was brought to Yemen and commercially grown for the first time in history.
- Khartoum is the only capital city in the world located on the border of two climatic zones - Sahel and Sahara. Summer temperatures reach +46°C.
- Sudan produces up to 80 tons of gold per year. The country is among the top ten world leaders in gold mining.
- The Sudanese pound has been represented on coins and banknotes since 1956. It is considered one of the oldest monetary units in Africa.
- In Sudan grows baobab Adansonia - one of the oldest trees on the planet - it is more than 5000 years old. The trunk diameter exceeds 11 meters.
- In the mountains of the Nubian desert of Sudan the oldest rock paintings of people and animals over 5000 years old have been found.
- The world's largest coral reef of the continental shelf is located in the Red Sea off the coast of Sudan. Its length is over 230 kilometers.
- Sudan grows an original variety of cotton "Sudanese Golden", which is distinguished by its increased cellulose content and fiber strength.
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