What to see in Papua New Guinea
Located in the Pacific Ocean, the country of Papua New Guinea is famous for its amazing and unique natural landscapes. Here you can see high volcanic mountains, dense tropical forests, picturesque beaches and coral reefs. This island country has truly unique flora and fauna.
The culture of Papua New Guinea is also amazingly diverse. On the territory of the country live about 800 different tribes with their traditions, customs and languages. Tourists are attracted by colorful ethnic festivals, ritual ceremonies of Papuans in traditional dress, the opportunity to get acquainted with the life of local people.
The capital of the country Port Moresby is famous for its picturesque landscapes and interesting sights. Among them are the National Park and Cultural Center, National Museum and Art Gallery, traditional markets.
Papua New Guinea - this amazing country with huge potential is open for investment and business.
What to visit in Papua New Guinea
Port Moresby is the capital of Papua New Guinea, located on the southeast coast of the island of New Guinea. This city of over 300,000 people was founded in 1873 by British navigator John Moresby, who discovered a convenient bay and named it after his father.
The historic center of Port Moresby is located on a peninsula that offers scenic views of the city. There are 19th century colonial style houses still standing. The main attraction in the southern part of Port Moresby is Ella Beach Park with Ella Church, built in 1890.
The northern part of the city concentrates administrative buildings and the sports complex where the 1991 South Pacific Games were held.
Port Moresby is one of Papua New Guinea's most popular tourist destinations, attracting visitors with its history, colonial-era architecture and scenic nature.
Lae, the second largest town in Papua New Guinea, was founded in the 1920s by gold miners who used the local airfield to service their mines. In 1937, legendary American pilot Amelia Earhart made her last tragic flight from Lae.
During World War II, Lae was occupied by the Japanese, who stationed their fighter planes here. These planes were subsequently bombed by the Allied forces and their remains still lie at the bottom of the sea near Lae, becoming an attraction for divers.
One of the main attractions of Lae is the largest botanical garden in Papua New Guinea with an area of over 100 hectares. There are extensive coffee and tea plantations near the city.
Lae is an important industrial, transportation and tourist center of the country, attracting visitors with its history, natural beauty and diving opportunities.
Ancient Cook Inlet
The ancient settlement of Kukah in Papua New Guinea is a city lost in the impenetrable tropical jungle, which was founded more than 5,000 years ago and covered an area of more than 116 hectares.
This ancient settlement indicates that its inhabitants were actively engaged in agriculture and horticulture, as evidenced by the presence of an extensive system of drainage channels on the territory of the city.
The first archaeological excavations were carried out here in the 1960s, as a result of which tools and remains of agricultural activity of ancient inhabitants were found.
Today the place of the ancient settlement of Cook is inhabited by the Papuan tribe Kawelka. This unique historical and archaeological monument attracts scientists from all over the world and is an important attraction of Papua New Guinea.
Papua New Guinea's top attractions:
Kokoda Trail - This historic hiking trail is about 96 kilometers long and winds through the jungles and mountains of the Orok Province on the island of New Guinea.
The Kokoda Trail became world famous during World War II. In 1942, Australian troops retreated along it, fighting against superior Japanese forces. This battle went down in history as the Kokoda Campaign.
Walking the entire route of the Kokoda Trail is a challenge for physically fit hikers. There are spectacular views of the jungle, rivers, and Owen Stanley mountain ranges along the way. The trail has preserved war trenches and pillboxes, as well as memorials honoring soldiers. Traveling the Kokoda Trail is an exciting adventure for outdoor enthusiasts in Papua New Guinea.
Port Moresby Nature Park
Port Moresby Nature Park - The park is located 13 km from the town of Port Moresby on the Coral Sea coast.
The park offers scenic views of mountains and forests. Unique tropical vegetation grows here, waterfalls and rivers form unique landscapes. The park is home to many species of exotic birds.
Especially interesting is the coastal zone of the park, where mangroves and coral reefs are located. Tourists can swim in the clear waters of the Pacific Ocean. For hikers there are picturesque ecological trails.
A visit to Port Moresby Nature Park is an opportunity to get in touch with the amazing tropical nature of Papua New Guinea and get a lot of impressions.
Boman military cemetery
The Bomana War Cemetery in Port Moresby is widely regarded as one of Papua New Guinea's major historical landmarks, attracting tourists from all over the world.
This largest war grave in the Pacific region was established in 1942. The remains of Australian and Japanese soldiers who died in World War II battles in Papua New Guinea are interred here.
The sprawling Bomana Memorial Cemetery is home to thousands of white crosses memorializing the fallen heroes. The centerpiece is a monument in the form of a cenotaph.
A visit to this historic site allows you to honor the warriors and better understand Papua New Guinea's important role in the events of World War II. The Bomana Cemetery is listed as one of the world's significant war memorial sites.
Mount Tavurvur is an attraction for extreme tourists from all over the world. This active volcano is located on the island of New Britain, part of Papua New Guinea.
From the summit of Tavurvur Volcano, which rises 1,298 meters above sea level, there are breathtaking panoramic views of the ocean and islands. The ascent to the volcano's crater involves climbing steep slopes and is a challenge for experienced climbers.
The 1937 eruption of Tavurvur completely destroyed the village of Matupit, located at the foot of the volcano. Even today, the volcano remains dangerously unpredictable. Observing its activity attracts many tourists and volcanologists from all over the world.
Interesting facts about Papua New Guinea:
- Papua New Guinea has few roads and only covers a small part of the country. The more remote parts of the country can only be reached by airplane or sea.
- Most of the population still lives a lifestyle close to primitive.
- Urban population in this country is only about 15%.
- The nominal head of this state is the ruling English monarch. Until 2013 the law on witchcraft was in force and applied here - a supposed sorcerer could part with his life, becoming a victim of angry fellow villagers.
- There are three official languages here - English, Hiri Motu and Tok Pisin. In fact, each tribe, living in complete isolation in the jungle, has its own language, and the inhabitants of one village usually do not understand the inhabitants of another, located about 20 kilometers away from them. English is spoken by about 1% of the population.
- In total, Papua New Guinea has about 800 languages, which is 10% of the world's number.
- There is a unique bird here - the crowned pigeon. It is found nowhere else in the world.
- In addition to the main possessions, Papua New Guinea owns about 600 smaller islands.
- There are about 20 thousand species of plants.
- By the time of the beginning of colonization in the 19th century, local aborigines lived exactly the same way as their distant ancestors several thousand years ago.
- Almost all shores of Papua New Guinea are swampy lowlands or mangroves, extending several tens of kilometers inland.
- The famous traveler Miklukho-Maclay lived for 4 years in a primitive village with local Papuans, studying their life, manners and customs.
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