What to see in Botswana
Botswana is an independent nation in South Africa, bordered by South Africa to the south, Namibia to the west and north, and Zambia to the northeast. The country is rich in natural resources such as diamonds, gold, copper and uranium and is one of the most stable and prosperous countries in Africa. Botswana is also known for its national parks and game reserves where many species of wildlife can be seen including elephants, lions, giraffes and rhinos. Botswana's culture is rich and diverse, with many traditional tribes and languages. Tourists can also enjoy the local cuisine, music and dance. Botswana offers many interesting tours and great hotels for tourists. This country also offers many investment opportunities and business prospects, especially in natural resource extraction, tourism and agriculture.
Looking for an unforgettable experience? Do you dream to visit the heart of the African wilderness? Then you should definitely visit Botswana!
Botswana's popular cities:
Gaborone has been the capital of Botswana since 1964 and is the country's most developed city. It is located on the banks of the Notwane River, between Mount Udi and Mount Kgale. The most stunning view of the city is from the top of Mount Kgale, where several hiking trails lead to. The city is protected from floods by a dam. There are parks and recreational areas nearby. There is also a yacht club where you can rent boats. Tourists are offered fishing in the river Notwane, but swimming is not recommended because of the abundance of crocodiles. The National Museum and Art Gallery acquaint with the history of the country, the life of its peoples, as well as with the works of local artists and sculptors. There are several nature reserves and parks around the city, including St. Clair, Mokolodi and Gaborone.
Francistown is located 400 km from the capital and is the second largest city in the country. The international airport, railway and bus stations are located here. The Limpopo tributaries Inchwe and Tati are located within the city boundaries. The city is surrounded by a huge number of abandoned mines, which appeared during the gold rush. Locals enjoy telling the stories of each one and explaining why Francistown's main street is called Blue Jacket Street. The Supa Ngwao Museum offers even more information about the region. The town is known for its Roman Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of the Desert. Souvenirs created by local artisans can be bought at the market. In the evening, guests can visit restaurants, clubs and casinos.
Maun is the most popular tourist center located near the Okavango River Delta. It is the crossroads of a huge number of safari routes of all regions of Botswana and even neighboring countries. The Mauna area has a concentration of stores and hotels, entertainment venues, bars and restaurants. An important attraction of the town is the Nkhabe Museum of Local History. Fans of outdoor activities can go on a walking safari to the Maun Game Reserve. Tourists who want to get a dose of adrenaline, among other adventures, are offered to feed crocodiles in the nursery of Moremi Game Reserve. The latter occupies 20% of the territory of a unique natural formation - the Okavango Delta - a "green island" teeming with life in the middle of desert lands. It is often compared to the Garden of Eden.
Kasane is a small town known far and wide because it is the northern entrance to the most beautiful place in Botswana, the Chobe Game Reserve. The diversity of its fauna is amazing: elephants, leopards, hippos, buffalo, giraffes, rhinos, zebras, cheetahs, lions, hyenas, antelopes and a huge number of bright-winged exotic birds. For the convenience of travelers, an international airport and several hotels have been built in the city. In addition to visiting the reserve itself, here you can go fishing or rafting on the river by boat. Relaxation lovers will appreciate the hot mineral springs nearby Kasane.
Central Kalahari Game Reserve
The Central Kalahari Game Reserve is located in the southern part of the Kalahari Desert in Botswana. It is the second largest reserve in the world with an area of more than 50 thousand square kilometers.
The reserve was established in 1961 to preserve the unique ecosystem of the Kalahari semi-desert. It is home to many rare and endangered species of animals and plants.
The main inhabitants of the reserve are antelopes - gemsboks, springboks, elands. There are also lions, cheetahs, hyenas, zebras, giraffes and other ungulates. Of birds, ostriches, flamingos and secretary birds are common.
To visit the reserve it is necessary to get a special permit. Ecological tourism is developed - tourists can observe animals from special platforms or during safaris.
The Okavango Delta is located in northern Botswana and is one of the largest inland deltas in the world. Its area is about 15 thousand square kilometers.
The delta is formed by the Okavango River, which originates in Angola. During the rainy season, the river overflows and fills this lowland area, turning it into a giant wetland.
The Okavango Delta is one of the few places in Africa where almost untouched ecosystems remain. It is home to more than 550 species of birds and 250 species of wildlife.
The Okavango Delta is a popular destination for eco-tourism. Tourists have the opportunity to travel the delta by boat and observe wildlife. The delta is protected by the state as an important nature reserve.
Gchvihab and Drotsky caves
The Gchwihaba Caves are located in northwestern Botswana in the Tsodilo Hills region. It is one of the largest cave systems in Africa with a length of about 6 km. Rock paintings and petroglyphs 1500-2000 years old have been found in the caves.
The Drotsky Caves are located near Gchwihaba in the same area. Their length is about 900 meters. Ancient rock carvings have also been found here.
Both cave complexes are of great archaeological and historical importance for Botswana. They make it possible to study the culture of the ancient tribes that inhabited this territory. The Gchwihaba and Drotsky caves are popular tourist attractions in Botswana.
The Limpopo River is an important landmark in southern Africa and flows through Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa. It is the fourth longest river in Africa and its basin covers a vast area.
The river is known for its spectacular scenery and abundance of wildlife. Along the river is the Kruger National Park in South Africa, one of the largest reserves in Africa. It is home to elephants, lions, leopards, buffalo and many other animals. Traveling along the Limpopo River, tourists can see the magnificent African savannah and its inhabitants.
There are many excellent hotels and lodges along the river where tourists can stay while on safari. The Limpopo River is a great place for an unforgettable African safari.
Nxai Pan National Park
Nxai Pan National Park is one of the most unique places in Botswana. It is located in the northern part of the country and covers an area of about 3,000 square kilometers.
Nxai Pan is one of the largest salt lakes in the world, which dries up every year between May and October. During this time, a thick layer of salt remains at the bottom of the lake, which creates a unique landscape.
Nxai Pan is home to many species of animals including cheetahs, lions, zebras, hyenas, ostriches, gazelles and many others. Here you can observe animals in their natural habitat and take unique photographs. The park has several campgrounds and guesthouses where you can stay overnight and enjoy the night sky.
Interesting facts about Botswana
- The national currency "pula" means "rain" in the local language. This is due to the fact that in Botswana's arid climate, rain is of immense importance for survival.
- The Kalahari Desert covers about 70% of the country. It is the second largest desert in Africa after the Sahara. The Kalahari is famous for its unique landscapes and abundance of wildlife.
- Until 1966, the country was called Bechuanaland in honor of the Bechuan people, who make up the majority of the population.
- Winter night temperatures in Botswana sometimes fall below 0°C, which is very rare for Africa.
- About 18% of the territory is protected natural areas, which shows the country's environmental responsibility.
- Dollars and Euros are used in circulation along with the national currency.
- Botswana is the world leader in diamond mining, despite its small territory.
- The national park is home to over 100,000 African elephants - a whole elephant kingdom!
- Botswana is the second most educated country in Africa after South Africa.
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